A gradual and progressive Evolution to long term Fitness
Increase Muscle Mass to Decrease Diabetes Risk
Two months ago, 5 studies reported that Aerobic Fitness, specifically the time it takes a patient to complete One Mile (walk, jog, run) was the single best, greatest predictor of a patient’s risk of developing Heart Disease.
The JCEM (Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism) now just reported on a study that found the "Greater an individual's total muscle mass (as a percent of total body mass), the lower the person’s risk of having insulin resistance, the major precursor of Type II Diabetes!"
With recent dramatic increases in obesity worldwide, the prevalence of diabetes, a major source of cardiovascular morbidity, is expected to accelerate. Insulin resistance, which can raise blood glucose levels above the normal range, is a major factor that contributes to the development of diabetes. Previous studies have shown that very low muscle mass is a risk factor for insulin resistance, but until now, no study has examined whether increasing muscle mass to average and above average levels, independent of obesity levels, would lead to improved blood glucose regulation.
"Our findings represent a departure from the usual focus of clinicians, and their patients, on just losing weight to improve metabolic health," said the study's senior author, Preethi Srikanthan, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). "Instead, this research suggests a role for maintaining fitness and building muscle. This is a welcome message for many overweight patients who experience difficulty in achieving weight loss, as any effort to get moving and keep fit should be seen as laudable and contributing to metabolic change."
In this study, researchers examined the association of skeletal muscle mass with insulin resistance and blood glucose metabolism disorders in a nationally representative sample of 13,644 individuals. Participants were older than 20 years, non-pregnant and weighed more than 35 kg. The study demonstrated that higher muscle mass (relative to body size) is associated with better insulin sensitivity and lower risk of pre- or overt diabetes.
"Our research shows that beyond monitoring changes in waist circumference or BMI, we should also be monitoring muscle mass," Srikanthan concluded. "Further research is needed to determine the nature and duration of exercise interventions required to improve insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism in at-risk individuals."
You should start now to take care of yourself with a free assessment and a free workout offered by Darwin Fitness. Your health is your best asset.
Founded in 1916, The Endocrine Society is the world’s oldest, largest and most active organization devoted to research on hormones and the clinical practice of endocrinology. Today, The Endocrine Society’s membership consists of over 14,000 scientists, physicians, educators, nurses and students in more than 100 countries. Society members represent all basic, applied and clinical interests in endocrinology.
(Credit : Dr. Jim Bell, CEO IFPA - 'Big up' from Darwin Fitness to James @ IFPA for his courtesy http://www.ifpa-fitness.com)
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